Cultural Competence Does Not Equal Color Blindness

images (100)Health care disparities and quality of care for ethnic groups are well documented. The National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides thought-provoking examples about how health providers relate to ethnic groups. The evidence suggests that providers are not as helpful to non-Whites, were less responsive, administered less medication, provided incomplete discharge instructions and communicated poorly. This data indicates that there are differences in how providers deliver health care services in response to the color of a patient’s skin. Furthermore, the NHDR documented that racial and ethnic minorities often receive poorer quality of care and face more barriers in seeking care including preventive care, acute treatment, or chronic disease management, than do non-Hispanic White patients. This mindset is indeed serious when it impacts the quality of care of racial, ethnic and socio-economic groups in the U.S. In fact, this is so serious that the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services released an Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Disparities with the idea that it is possible to have a nation free of health care disparities.

What are the reasons for health disparities? Let’s review what health disparity means. These are the differences in health outcomes that are closely linked with social, economic, and environmental disadvantage often driven by the social conditions in which individuals live, learn, work and play. This Action Plan documents the fact that numerous studies reveal that individuals, families and communities that have systematically experienced social and economic disadvantage face greater obstacles to optimal health. One main reason includes lack of health insurance. Another factor is the lack of cultural competence of health care providers. Millions of patients have limited English proficiency and therefore, the patient-provider relationship is often strained from a general lack of understanding. National efforts to reduce health disparities have been established by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) with programs that focus on the health of minority groups in a culturally competent manner and that truly address racial diversity. However, this effort, national in scope and seemingly comprehensive is not embraced by all. A new strategy in dealing with these cultural issues is color blindness, which seems contrary to facing the issues. It appears to deny we are a diverse society and looks the other way on racial discrimination.

Color blindness has become a central strategy for addressing racial diversity in many settings with the idea that it will result in racial equality. The idea is that color blindness will reduce racial distinctions and then limit the potential for bias. This strategy compounds the problem in that individuals can be blind to racial discrimination and consequently impair the intervention rather than enhance it. One could argue that individual sensitivity to racial differences is hindered as a result. If one is color blind, then they cannot see when discrimination occurs. It would appear that this strategy would only contribute to health care disparity since the provider may not be in tune with what is really occurring with the patient. A study revealed that color blindness does not reduce bias, it only adjusts the lens of perception to the bias. There is nothing wrong with accepting that we are different. It might even be refreshing to embrace our cultural differences and treat each other as unique individuals. There is nothing wrong with diversity; in fact, it is the fabric that makes our nation culturally rich. First, we need to accept that we can become a culturally competent nation. Wouldn’t this be helpful to the minority patient?

The Benefits of Purchasing Discount Drugs and What to Look for in Providers

download (44)Companies that provide discount drugs are a godsend to many people. Here is some information on how they work, why these businesses are able to offer such cheap medications, and how to be well informed as you do research into which distributor is right for you.

How They Work

Many distributors of discount drugs are able to offer safe, FDA-approved medications to customers at vastly lower prices than they would find at pharmacies because the regulations in other countries are different. They legally acquire generic (and brand-name) drugs from nations whose health law systems allow different pills into the market faster than those of the U.S., and they can then sell these drugs to American consumers at low costs, sometimes as much as 80% off the typical price.

These companies carry all sorts of much-needed prescription drugs, such as medications for blood pressure, thyroid issues, mental health problems, diabetes, and more. When consumers take the time to seek out a trustworthy discount service, they not only cut their costs exorbitantly, but they also do away with the long lines and hassle of pharmacies. What’s more, some pharmacies can be unreliable and lack quality customer service. Affordable medicine companies can provide a convenient and viable alternative.

What to Look For

Obviously, the most important things to make sure of are that the company you choose offers the particular medicine you need and that it only provides FDA-approved, top-quality products. Some of these are brand-name pills, but many are generic medications that work equally well, as long as they are approved.

Choose a provider who has an established reputation and staff members who are experienced in dealing with clients and medicine. Only accept top-tier customer service. Health care is a personal, complicated matter. Every case is different, and when your well-being is at stake, you have to make sure you are dealing with people who can offer you nuanced advice for your particular situation and medical history.

A good way to research the company’s reputation is to read reviews and testimonials from other customers. In addition, look for businesses that have the confidence to offer official guarantees.

Once you know you’re getting the best quality product and service available, then consider the price. All discount drugs save money, but some companies offer better deals than others. The best ones have comprehensive systems staffed by well-trained employees to research and utilize the entire world market. These businesses are able to offer their customers the best deals.

Convenience is a factor as well. Often, these services have patients email or fax their prescriptions, after which the company sends the medication directly to the patent’s door. This saves on the stress and wait-time factor of going to a pharmacy. Consider turnaround time as well; you don’t want to have to rely on a prescription that will take a whole month to be delivered. You want a company that offers timely and reliable service.

Health comes first. Keeping this information in mind, do some research to see if a company offering discount drugs could be the right fit for you to help you and your family save money on valuable medicine.


This entry was posted on May 24, 2016, in Health.

An Exploit of the Pros and Cons of Vaccination

download (43)The world shrinks daily as more and more people gain access to social media. The concept of six degrees of separation can easily adjusted to three degrees of separation. We are in constant contact with people more now than the late 18th and 19th century. Therefore, the spread of disease can wipe out an entire city in months if not weeks. Consequently, the advent objection of parents to vaccinating their children seems counterproductive and at times willful.

Regrettably, there exist controversy regarding immunization. Many constantly connect Autism to vaccination even when several reputable medical experts debunked the report done on such a connection. Yet with established medical documentation that there is no actual connection to Autism and vaccination, mainstream media continue to link these two separate terms. The repeated exposure to inaccurate reporting mislead many parents into believing that vaccinating their child will cause Autism.

As the world shrinks and the degree gets smaller and with a review of historical black plague, vaccine becomes a necessary precaution. The recent scare of Ebola should be sufficient motivation to implement and improve the administration of vaccines. Modern day medical research has exceeded medical expectation however, research cannot guarantee good health or long life. There are side effects for most manufactured drugs, but does that should not prevent the use.

Parents are the first line defense for their children. Sometimes the defense gets foggy by misrepresentation and fear. Subsequently, with modern access to the internet and library resources parents can do their own research. Parents can take the bull by the horn. Proactive parents look into what is true, and what is false. They realize the importance of understand all the consequences of vaccination and non-vaccination for their children. The information is out there unfortunately, misinformation is also available. Parents must use discernment and commonsense as they navigate through the vast array of medical information to make the best medical decisions. This can men taking the time to evaluate the pros and cons of immunization.

A healthy productive child is important to every parent. While the agreement on how best to accomplish this is froth with controversy, uncertainty, and fear it is imperative to keep options available. The individual child requires individual care and for some that might mean no vaccination for others a few, and for many more the regular dose. Read the article and uncover what will be best for your child.

This entry was posted on May 12, 2016, in Health.

What Are Some of the Benefits of Participating in Clinical Trials?

download (42)Clinical trials offer the opportunity to many individuals who are suffering from various ailments to receive treatments that are not currently available on the market. For many people who lack access to adequate treatment – as well as those who would like to take more control of their health care – this can be a desirable solution in some cases.

It would be wrong to say that there are no risks associated with undertaking this kind of treatment. However, there are also many benefits, some of which will be explored in this article. Firstly, one of the main benefits of clinical trials is that each individual who decides to participate will gain access to new treatments that are not currently available outside such a research setting.

Of course, participants can choose which trials they want to take part in, and should seek advice from the medical professional who is taking care of their treatment for advice on whether each option is an appropriate treatment to pursue and which would be of most benefit.

There are many promising new treatments on the market or being developed today, and this can be very encouraging to those who are the ways to overcome a certain illness. The opportunity to find something that will help them overcome their illness, is therefore one of the greatest benefits to any participant that is taking part in clinical trials.

In addition to having access to this great number of potentially effective treatments, the patient is guaranteed to be looked after and supported by a team of experts and doctors, whose aim is to protect the health of the participant as a priority.

Many clinical trials are run by contract research organizations also known as CRO, which specialist in not only conducting research but making sure that each and every participant is looked after and cared for to an exceptionally high standard.

Many of these experts in CRO conducting clinical research will be specialists in the particular disease or condition, which can be greatly reassuring to the patient and also very beneficial for encouraging his or her recovery.

On top of this, there is also the chance for the patient to take a greater role in overcoming their illness through all the health care options available to them. Obviously, there are limits to what is available on the market and through the health care system in any given country, so considering clinical trials can broaden the options for patients to choose from.

Instead of taking a passive role in treatment, considering clinical trials allows to the possibility to take more control over health, even if a patient is suffering from a serious disease. This sense of control cannot only be beneficial in providing more treatment options, but the sense of taking control itself leads to a much more positive attitude towards facing the illness head on.

Finally, one of the most rewarding parts of taking part in clinical research run by a CRO clinical research organization is that patients will be leaving a legacy for future generations. They will likely not be the last person to ever suffer from their particular illness, and every bit of research and clinical trial that takes place to explore new treatments is paving the way for a healthier future for others.

Perhaps surprising to some, this is often the reason that many people choose to undergo clinical trials. Although they are interested in protecting their own health, they feel that it is worthwhile to take certain, calculated risks in order to fight the disease and advance medical science so that other people who get their illness later on can benefit too.

These are some of the main advantages of taking part in clinical trials. Not only can patients get access to new, promising treatments and expert healthcare from a CRO clinical research organization, but they can also take positive steps by being decisive about their own treatment, and they can contribute to research that will help future generations.

This entry was posted on May 2, 2016, in Health and tagged .

Amazing Facts Which You Should Know About Essential Oils

images (99)Do you know what essential oil is? And how it is good for your health? Don’t need to be confused, here’s the answer to all your questions. Essential oil is in general term the pure and natural water of the popular herb. Because of its antibacterial, antifungal, or antioxidant properties, this oil is really helpful to get relief from several health issues including asthma, nausea, depression, mental fatigue, migraine, sinus, muscle pains, period’s pain, toothache or many other diseases.

In simple words, you can say that these oils are extremely helpful in many ways than any other commercial products. Following are a few facts you might not have known till now.

  • These are not technically oils because they do not contain fatty acids, which actually the real identity of the oil
  • Most of the people don’t know that this oil can really helpful to deeply clean your body from inside and improve your immune system and blood circulation as well
  • It’s a fact that in the 17th century if you use herbs for a medical cure, then you were hanged as a witch
  • Most of the people don’t know that these are generally described by their sweeten smell or scent
  • This oil is really helpful to get relief for the patient who is suffering from anxiety, bad dreams, and to retain youthful looks
  • This oil cannot be patented
  • The bitter orange tree is the world’s only tree that can produce three different types of essential oils, isn’t interesting
  • The massive plant helps to produce a small amount of oil, but it totally depends on the plant we use for this. For example 100 pounds of lavender use to produce only 1 pound while it takes over 4000 pounds of rose petals to produce the same amount
  • It’s actually a fact that aroma of floral essential oils can help alleviate emotional stress including depression
  • There are only 21 plant families which help to produce essential oils
  • Yes, it’s true, that the exact components of all the essential oils are still not known
  • These are minuscule in molecular size, which means they are easily absorbed by the skin

This oil is actually a product which has the capability to fulfill all your needs in the best possible way. So what are you waiting for? Go and buy it today from trusted or reliable essential oil manufacturers, suppliers and exporters. It is easily available in the worldwide market at a reasonable rate.

This entry was posted on April 22, 2016, in Health.

The Best Ways to Get Discount Prescriptions

download (41)Let’s face it: medication can be pricey. Regardless of whether or not you have insurance, the price of prescriptions can present a tremendous financial burden on an individual (or family) when the time comes that it’s needed. Fortunately, there are options to help you save, and, ultimately, to help keep more money in your pocket. Here are the best ways to get discount prescriptions.

1. Discount Drug Cards

Chances are if you’ve done any amount of research on discount prescriptions, you’ve likely stumbled upon the phrase “drug cards.” This incredibly popular means to access drugs at an affordable price should be at the top of the list for anyone looking to save money. Drug cards are simple and can be acquired with little to no effort. Simply locate a program of your choice, such as or Then, create an account to begin accessing all the great benefits of the programs, including, but not limited to, more affordable medications from brand names to generics at up to 40 percent off.

2. Pharmacy Savings Clubs

Yet another option to obtain discount prescriptions for the financially savvy consumer, or even the uninsured, is the pharmacy savings club. You can typically find them at your local independent pharmacy retailers as well as big box chains that also have pharmacies. Pharmacy savings clubs are pretty simple to use, much like the drug cards. Customers can sign up at participating retailers, with or without insurance, by paying a nominal fee of as little as $10 and then go on to enjoy significant savings on their prescriptions. Some savings clubs afford members the opportunity to receive additional savings on other items sold at the retailers. For example, at some pharmacies, additional savings can include savings on immunizations, store products, and over-the-counter medications. So, that’s definitely a win-win.

3. Pharmaceutical Company Websites and Assistance Programs

Who doesn’t love a freebie? Believe it or not, pharmaceutical companies and assistance programs (yes, they do exist) actually give away millions of dollars of prescriptions every single year. This gives consumers like you and me the opportunity to capitalize on freebies, ultimately saving us a bundle. Aside from going to the manufacturer’s website, which is a great place to start, another good source for freebies is the website for Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA). PhRMA will not only link you to your drug manufacturer, but it will also provide you with access to the nearly 500 assistance programs that can potentially provide you with a freebie. When you log on to the PhRMA website, there is a “get prescription help” button right on the home page so you can’t miss it.

There’s always a way to save, even when it comes to getting access to your medication. Whether you have insurance or not, there are quite a few viable options that could potentially save you hundreds of dollars this year.


Select an Experienced Proteomics Company for Absolute Quantification

download (40)If your business requires you to procure high quality Custom AQUA Peptides, then you have to rely on an integrated CRO setup that delivers an exhaustive range of drug improvement services. It is pertinent that you choose a service provider that enjoys significant experience and expertise in the fields of organic chemistry, genomics, biochemistry, systems biology, preclinical and clinical studies, molecular biology, bioinformatics, and structural biology, amongst certain others. With a full range of services at your disposal, you can benefit from several of the proteome-related researches undertaken by your preferred setup in order to identify single protein for their use in incomprehensive proteomic studies.

Choose a top cadre company that is renowned to have one of the most advanced proteomics boards in the global frontier. With a specialized company by your side, you could be guaranteed of the quality of inputs embodied in the process of absolute quantification, through a full-fledged range of staffed scientists that are well versed with the avenue of proteomics. As such, these experienced professionals can render you with full support services pertaining to identification and quantification, characterization, protein separation, analyzing of protein post-translational phase of modification, and processes featured with high throughput and super-sensitivity.

It is a well-known fact that in the extensive world of science, proteomics is equivalent to genomics. While in genomics, the process focuses on the full range of how a genome is structured. In proteomics, the processes involved therein complement the structures and functionalities of proteins. As proteome tasks can vary frequently from cell to cell and vary with the passage of time, these are recognized as the more complicated jobs. These tasks are time consuming, as they involve research and extensive analysis. If your business requires an analysis of Isotope Labeled AQUA Internal Standard Peptide, then you ought to select a top-notch proteomics company that houses thoroughbred specialists, who are skilled and experienced in handling hard-to-analyze samples that include cerebral-spinal fluid, serum, and plasma membrane. Choose a service provider that can help you in studying several protein-protein interactions and protein post-translational modifications. A pedigree service provider can also present your business with foolproof project counseling, along with several variants of optimal services fulfilling your needs. More so, with a specialty provider of proteomics, you can procure all product offerings and services from it, at the lowest cost level in the entire industry.

The study of Isotope Labeled AQUA Internal Standard Peptide belongs to the arena of targeted proteomics. The process of absolute quantification of proteins approach permits complete quantification of proteins in biological testers. The process finds its basis on the principle of the isotope labeled internal standard that is implemented classically for absolute quantification through bulk spectrometry. A native peptide is analyzed in subsequent to numerous standards to signify the protein for quantifying. An AQUA peptide is essentially a synthetic peptide conforming to the designated native peptide with one isotope labeled (13C, 15N, 2D) amino acid. The process is complex and has to be undertaken by a professional company specializing in proteomics studies.

This entry was posted on April 22, 2016, in Health and tagged .

A Brief Discussion on Types of Needles and Syringes

images (98)Needles and Syringes are among the most used medical apparatuses. In this article, we will be discussing about some of the most used types of these medical apparatus.

The most widely discussed classifications of syringes are non Luer Lok and Luer Lok syringes. This classification is made based on the kind of tip these units possess. The Luer-Lok syringes come equipped with tips that need needles that get twisted and locked into appropriate place. This design ensures that the needle doesn’t slip out of the syringe accidentally.

There’s another way of classifying syringes; this time we are classifying it based on the purpose it’s used for. The two most widely used types include insulin syringe and tuberculin syringe. The insulin syringes are significantly small in size and are capable of holding 0.3 to 1 ml of medication. They are usually calibrated in units instead of milliliters. The majority of the insulin syringes get calibrated up to hundred units. Another important characteristic of these syringes is that they are designed to allow seamless self-injection. They are mostly used for administering subcutaneous injections.

The other type i.e. tuberculin syringes are used to test patients for tuberculosis. The fluid in these syringes gets injected directly into the patient’s skin. Although these syringes are small in size, unlike the insulin syringes, they get calibrated in milliliters. The most prominent feature of the tuberculin syringes is their thin barrel that comes equipped with a pre-attached needle. These pieces are capable of accommodating 1 ml of medication. Here, it must be mentioned that in spite having a petite structure, they cannot be used for giving insulin.

Now, let us discuss about needles and their types. The majority of the needles available on the market currently have stainless steel body. They have a hollow structure and boast a miniature hole right at the middle. Their bodies are segregated into three main parts, the hub, the shaft and the bevel. The hub is the part that fits onto the syringe’s tip. The shaft of the needle is its long slender part. A needle’s bevel, on the other hand, is its slanted tip.

Needles are usually classified based on their diameter and length. Their length ranges between 0.5 inch and 3 inches. Their diameter gets measured in gauge. A 19 gauge needle is known to possess bigger diameter than a 25 gauge piece. This means the greater would be the gauge of a needle and smaller would be its diameter.

A needle must be of at least 7-gauge. The maximum limit, on the other hand, is 33-gauge. Doctors select gauge of a needle based on the density of the medication they are injecting. For instance, for extremely thick medications, doctors always use needles of smaller gauge. If the density is less, doctors tend to use needles of bigger gauge.

His store boasts huge collections of medical supplies used in hospitals including surgical equipment, hospital beds, wheel chairs, etc.


This entry was posted on April 2, 2016, in Health.

To Heal and to Be Healed

download (39)As a junior year medical student, I have realized that it’s not enough to learn everything by simply reading gigantic books or attending long lectures, rather, it is important to enhance yourself with the necessary skills by attending trainings and applying your knowledge into practice. A few months ago, I participated in a first aid training organized by my university, and just last month before my 6th semester, I was trained and certified in the first aid level 1 (including AED) course.

The break before the next semester at medical school is generally regarded as the last time of true freedom for med students. We are supposed to live it up and enjoy every second of this liberated time before we become sleep-deprived and buried in books. Although this break brings relaxation, excitement and enjoyment, a number of anxieties also accompany this transition time.

I am the typical paranoid student in med school, always worried about grades and studying. It’s like you’re in the middle of the fire and it’s hard to step out of it.

Considering how easy it is to get certified in first aid, there’s really no reason not to do this. First aid training comes in handy for a variety of different situations in life. When you know what to do in emergency situations, you can become a valuable asset wherever you go. Becoming a doctor is harder than you could possibly imagine. You will struggle, sacrifice and cry; and sometimes you will be faced with worse of human condition.

Occasionally, med school has shown me dramatic, blood pumping and cinema-worthy moments. When you think you can’t handle one second more, you will see something that will perfectly restore your faith in humanity and the belief that people really are innately good. I can’t wait to start my clinical rotations and get that beautiful feeling of helping someone, knowing that you are the only thing between the patient’s health and his grave.

Apart from medical students or physicians, I feel real life needs first aiders! The next time you’re at a restaurant and a fellow begins choking, or you’re walking on the streets and see someone collapse in front of you, for instance, you’ll just know what to do.

Most importantly, I want to be a resource for my community. I want to be somebody’s hero someday, and learn how to be cool, calm, collected and a lifesaver in an emergency. The ‘Good Samaritan’ in us prompts us to receive first aid training so that we can be of assistance to others in need!

Although there’s a lot of burn out, a lot of stress and a lot of wondering, “where did my life go?” Despite all that, the feeling of being in med school and getting into the field of medicine is truly a blessing.

I want to be an effective person, who can engage with patients. Considering the fact that my area of interest is Emergency Medicine, there’s always this fear, “what if I work this hard and I don’t get to be who I want to be?”

It’s amazing that you learn new stuff about the body everyday and you’re like “wow, that’s awesome, the way that works” and sometimes you’re like, “I can’t even believe I’m alive right now.”

“You consider yourself a small body, yet encapsulated within you is an entire universe.” – Ali Ibn Abi Talib

I used to be very innocent last year. I used to look at the third year students studying so hard, day in and day out and be like, “hey, I don’t have to do that” and boom, I’m already in third year!


Acute Back Pain Management Using Acetaminophen

download (38)We’ve covered chronic pain in depth here, so today we’re going to discuss acute back pain. While not as severe of an issue as chronic pain, it is still an uncomfortableness that nobody wants but we’re all likely to have at some point. In fact, it is the biggest complaint of people in regards to their lower back.

Often, any treatment will initially address the local pain and the inflammation that usually accompanies it. If needed, further intervention is taken and therapeutic exercise is recommended.

However, any type of pain could be an indication of a more complex situation. That is why it is important that the pain management clinician or doctor establish a clear diagnosis and identify the cause before proceeding with any treatment.

The doctor that is handling the pain management should have an understanding of anatomy, the biomechanics and the kinesiology. This enables them to localize the patient’s pain originators such as the bone, disc, ligament, muscle, nerve, and tendons. The principal process can be biomechanical, inflammation, infection, neoplastic or psychological.

There are many different drugs that are commonly prescribed to provide pain management for acute low back pain. Here we are going to look specifically at acetaminophen, or better known as Tylenol.

Acetaminophen aka Tylenol As Pain Management Drug

This is one of the main members of drugs that are classified as para-aminophenol derivatives. Acetaminophen offers analgesic and antipyretic effects which are similar to everyday aspirin. However, the effects of its anti-inflammatory are weak.

Acetaminophen is frequently recommended by pain management doctors for patients with acute lower back pain as an analgesic, which is an effective medication. There have been many studies that found acetaminophen is a superior drug in the management of osteoarthritis pain.

As any medication, OTC or prescription, there are recommended dosages and there are always possible side effects. For acetaminophen, the normal accepted oral dosage is 325 mg to 1000 mg every 4 to 6 hours, not to exceed more than 4000 mg in a 24-hour period.

The peak plasma levels and effect of the analgesic are usually noticed thirty minutes to one hour afterward. Acetaminophen is an inexpensive pain management drug that is available without a prescription.

In regards to possible side effects of acetaminophen, there are possible skin inflammation and redness, urticarial skin rashes such as multiple raised and swollen areas that are itchy. These are mild and usually pass within the first twenty-four hours.

An overdose of acetaminophen can be serious and cause liver damage. For adults, ten to fifteen grams in a single dose can lead to hepatotoxicity. Extend, prolong abuse of this drug has been connected with kidney damage as well.

When using this medication for self-treat pain management does not help after seven to ten days, it is recommended that an appointment with a pain management doctor be made to avoid the risk of damaging the kidneys and liver.


This entry was posted on March 19, 2016, in Health and tagged .